Haarlemmerhout

The Haarlemmerhout is the oldest urban forest in the Netherlands. Each year on 4 May we commemorate the fallen with a Memorial Concert here. On 5 May it is where we celebrate freedom with the Liberation Pop Festival.

Liberation Pop is the oldest liberation festival in the Netherlands. In 2021 we will celebrate its

  1. 39th edition
  2. 40th edition
  3. 41st edition
  4. 75th edition

To answer the question go to the reply form.

Video: Haarlemmerhout

The Haarlemmerhout is the oldest urban forest in the Netherlands. It dates from 1560. The adjacent forest dates back as far as the first century. The path along the deer park leads to the pond which during World War II was part of an anti-tank moat around Dreefzicht, the German headquarters in Haarlem. The old trees are interspersed with new plantings as many trees were cut for firewood during and after World War II. Both the Memorial Concert on 4 May and the Liberation Pop Festival on 5 May take place in this park every year.

Man in front of firing squad

On 7 March 1945, the German occupiers executed fifteen members of the resistance; a retaliation for the murder of police officer Willem Zirkzee

How old were the youngest persons executed?

  1. 19
  2. 20
  3. 25
  4. 31

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Video: Man in front of the firing squad

On 7 March 1945, the German occupiers executed fifteen members of the resistance; a reprisal for the murder of police officer Willem Zirkzee by Hannie Schaft and Truus Oversteegen. Because the occupiers forced passers-by to watch, several eyewitness accounts have been preserved. Sculptor Mari Andriessen, who hid Jewish people in his house during the war, made the bronze statue that was unveiled on 3 July 1949.

Grieving woman

With a shot fired from the gymnasium of the Bavoschool, the resistance liquidated policeman and NSB-member Fake Krist. The German occupiers retaliated by setting four houses on fire and one day later, on 26 February 1944, by publicly shooting ten members of the resistance on the Westergracht.

This event is the start of a famous Dutch novel. Do you know which one?

  1. Soldier of Orange
  2. The Assault
  3. The Girl with the Red Hair
  4. Banker of the Resistance

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Video: Grieving woman

With a shot fired from the gymnasium of the Bavoschool, the resistance liquidated the Haarlem policeman and NSB-member Fake Krist. The German occupiers retaliated by setting fire to four surrounding houses and, a day later, on 26 February 1944, by publicly shooting ten members of the resistance on the Westergracht. This statue of the Grieving Woman recalls the deaths of these ten resistance members. It was made by Oswald Wenckebach, on the initiative of the Committee Resistance Monument Westergracht. The statue, which was unveiled in 1949, is the one of the locations for the ceremonies held in Haarlem every year during the National Remembrance Day on 4 May. The monument has been adopted by the Bavo primary school in Haarlem.

Corrie ten Boom

Corrie ten Boom was a member of the resistance fighter who later became an evangelist. Corrie and her family hid Jewish and other refugees in a secret room in their house.

What was the profession of Corrie’s father?

  1. Art dealer
  2. Greengrocer
  3. Pharmacist
  4. Watchmaker /Jeweller

To answer the question go to the reply form.

Video: Corrie ten Boom house

Willem ten Boom started a watchmaking shop in 1837. After he died, his son Casper took over the business and the house, where he lived with his daughters Betsie and Corrie. When World War II broke out, they helped hundreds of Jews and other refugees by hiding them in their home. On 28 February 944, the housed was raided and 30 people were arrested. Casper ten Boom died in the prison of Scheveningen. Betsie died in camp Ravensbrück. Corrie survived the war and became an evangelist. For more information or a visit to the Corrie ten Boomhuis, visit www.corrietenboom.com

Kruispoort city gate

The Kruispoort (Cross Gate) was blown up during the siege of Haarlem and left a huge crater. In 1593, the cross gate was rebuilt.

What was hung on the gate on certain days? 

  1. A cross
  2. A man
  3. A woman
  4. The coat of arms of Haarlem

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Video: Kruispoort city gate

The medieval Kruispoort city gate once was one of the entrances to Haarlem. People entering the city were closely watched as not everyone was allowed in. A cross hung over the gate during annual fairs signified that outcasts had temporary access to the city. This is where the name Kruispoort (gate with the cross) originated.

During the Siege of Haarlem (1572-1573), the Spaniards blew up the Kruispoort, leaving an enormous crater. Nowadays there are no more (blocked) gateways to the city. Everyone is welcome. Slightly lighter paving stones that light up at night mark the location of the former gate.

Hannie Schaft

Hannie (Jannetje Johannna) Schaft was a well-known Dutch communist and ardent resistance fighter.

She is also often referred to as: 

  1. Jopie
  2. The daughter of Master Schaft
  3. The singer from Haarlem
  4. The girl with the red hair

To answer the question go to the reply form.

Video: Woman in the resistance 

A bronze female figure stands on a stone base. With strong arms she pushes away two large plates that symbolise fascism. The statue pays tribute to resistance heroine Hannie Schaft, also known as the girl with the red hair, and all the other women who devoted themselves to the fight for freedom during the war years. Truus Menger-Oversteegen, fellow member of the resistance and friend of Schaft, designed the statue. On 3 May 1982, Princess Juliana unveiled the statue ‘Woman in the Resistance’. Every year, on the last Sunday of November, the National Hannie Schaft Commemoration takes place in Haarlem and is open to all who wish to attend.

‘Sinterklaas’ roundup

A major roundup (razzia) took place in Haarlem on 6 December 1944. On this particular morning, the day after Sinterklaas, all men between the ages of 17 and 40 were to report for the Arbeidseinsatz (forced labour) in Germany.

On the plaque, you will read the names Rees, Bienen and Praest. These are:

  1. German factories
  2. German education camps
  3. German concentration camps
  4. German families

To answer the question go to the reply form.

Video: ‘Sinterklaas’ roundup

A major roundup (razzia) took place in Haarlem on 6 December 1944. On this particular morning, the day after Sinterklaas, all men between the ages of 17 and 40 were to report for the Arbeidseinsatz (forced labour). Those who tried to flee would be shot dead. About 2,000 men were deported to concentration camps in Germany and set to work in the war industry. A plaque in memory of this day was placed on the wall in Haarlem Central Station near the stairs to platform one.

Jewish Monument

During WWII, 107,000 Dutch Jews were deported to concentration camps. This Jewish Monument commemorates the Jews from Haarlem who never returned.

What do the numbers beneath the years 1940 and 1945 signify?

  1. The number of Jews that were killed
  2. They are Jewish calendar dates
  3. The coordinates of the monument
  4. A mysterious code

To answer the question go to the reply form.  

Video: ‘For them I cry’ – Jewish monument

During World War II, 107,000 of the 140,000 Jewish people in the Netherlands were deported to concentration camps. Only 5,000 returned. Half of the 1,400 Jews from Haarlem survived the war. The Jewish Monument in the Wijde Appelaarsteeg, unveiled in 2012, reminds us of the immense loss of lives.

Great or St. Bavokerk

The Great or St. Bavokerk is the second largest church in Haarlem and has been a church for both Catholics and Protestants.

What kind of church was the Great or St. Bavo church between 1559 and 1573?

  1. Chapel
  2. Cathedral
  3. Basilica
  4. Cross Church

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Video: Glass window ‘Peace and tolerance’

In 2008, Queen Beatrix unveiled the glass window ‘Peace and tolerance’ by artist Michel van Overbeeke in the Great or St. Bavo Church. It represents the connection between nations and illustrates tolerance, understanding and acceptance of the past and future of humanity. The red cloak of flowers represents the cloak of mercy or love. The artwork symbolises the desire for peace by all nations.

City Hall

Haarlem city hall was originally built as a hunting lodge in 1250 by Count Floris V.  In 1351, the building was destroyed by a large fire that swept through the city. It was reconstructed and turned into a city hall.

You are standing in front of this building. If you look up, you will see a statue overlooking the Grote Markt from the facade. Who is this?

  1. Corrie ten Boom
  2. Vrouwe Justitia
  3. Hannie Schaft
  4. The mayor of Haarlem

To answer the question go to the reply form.

Video: Canadian forces arrive in Haarlem

On 8 May 1945, after five years of occupation, the Canadian forces rode onto the Grote Markt in Haarlem. They were on their way to IJmuiden to assemble, disarm and send German troops back to Germany. The joy of freedom felt by all ‘Haarlemmers’ was unprecedented. People were cheering, crying and waving flags. They showered the soldiers with flowers and lifted them up on their shoulders. A plaquette, in happy memory of this day, was mounted on the wall of city hall in 1995.